The limits communication process and the central role of interpretation
Communication is to use symbols and if humans use language to convey the message and ideas between individuals and it involves act of provoking reactions from other people. Human relations are marked by the intent and anticipation of response and communication in humans can be verbal when by language or non-verbal when no language is involved. Communication can also be direct when a certain pattern of behavior raises specific type of response or subtle and indirect when behavior is not predictable or vague and not even quite understandable. So communication is divided into certain different categories such as:
1. Direct and indirect communication
2. Verbal and non-verbal communication
direct communication can be both verbal and non- verbal as indirect communication can also be verbal or non-verbal. Verbal communication can again be direct or indirect and similar non-verbal communication can also be either directly or indirectly. So let’s say that there are four types of communication used by humans – verbal and direct, verbal and indirect, non-verbal and direct, non-verbal and indirect. Examples of verbal and bones to be saying things that are simple or clear and without hidden or incomprehensible messages. These are the verbal expression of emotions and ideas as they occur. Like when you are satisfied and say that you are happy, you are using direct verbal method of communication to express your feelings. Indirect methods of verbal communication is to use subtle expressions like taunts, sarcasm, signs, etc. that may have ambiguous meanings and do not represent the expression of feelings or ideas when they occur. So if you are sad and not say that the present indirectly, you have to use indirect methods to communicate your state of mind. Non-verbal communication is to use cues, facial or physical expressions, body language, eye or hand movements, etc., to express ideas. This can be very direct as, say, hitting a person is non-verbal rather than directly as it describes anger as crying represents mourning. However, non-verbal communication can be indirect, such as turn his eyes from a person who you feel uncomfortable or maintain prolonged eye contact with the person to convey a message.
Communication is the basis of human and non-human communication and we can all communicate with a touch or sound, look or a symbol, a word or phrase and also by doing or saying anything. The body is an important port in communication and I have discussed this in psychology body as body language is shown to play an important role in communication. We communicate with our partners through intimate body language and sexual relations is a very important communication tool in humans and also in animals. Psychology of communication will include different elements or levels of communication a person like
1. Absorption external information through listening or reading etc,
2. interpretation of stimuli received and
3. response the information obtained through the behavior of
Three stages of the communication process as in recording or take in information concerning the interpretation or build meaning of the data and the response or answer any questions are easier with the following:
1. Absorption or take in information – is a sensory and we simply take sounds and colors, spoken word and all external data provided to us. Absorption is an objective process
2. The interpretation or analysis of information – includes a system of brain and detect external stimuli as well as information such as the expressions and subtle verbal and non-verbal cues such interpretation is subjective process
3. Reaction or respond to stimuli – uses physical means of communication such as speech, language and expressions of the face and physical movements. Responses are the result of subjective and objective process. This is because when out with certain stimuli, we all have a set of predictable objective but on how we interpret the situation subjectively, the reaction can vary to an extent. Reactions may be imitative – you smile when you see someone smiling or it may be just the opposite as when someone tries to look at you and you try to look away
This reaction or response evoked a person can become . catalyst for another chain reaction or stimulus can be quite a special event or situation. Behaviorists generally consider communication as a stimulus response pattern people perceive stimuli and react to them in the form of communication. Freudian psychoanalysis suggests that communication is directly related to how we perceive subjectively external information based on their own experience. So ‘interpretation’ external stimuli or dissemination of individual mind is an important factor in relations under psychoanalysis, although behaviorists will eliminate the importance of ‘interpretation’ part consider communication as nothing but a series of mechanical ‘stimulus- response’ pattern. Thus according to behavioral psychology, we perceive an object and to respond with communication almost like a computer program. It sounds strange to the importance of the mind and consciousness in relations has only recently been recognized in the ‘scientific’ psychology.
Methods of communication are also equally interesting that people communicate through the written word and the spoken word and through emails, messages, calls, personal face-to-face conversation with a visual and physical contact, through sex, and in a broad sense through seminars, conferences, news events, newspapers, press releases, books, brochures, and fight or propaganda. Newer methods of communication information are IM and chatrooms, internet and e-mail, text messaging, forums, blogs and networks. Technology has opened new avenues of communication and the world is now completely on how far and how quickly people are able to communicate.
Communication is the key to our modern life, but it is a difficult and complex process, and the gap between concepts and ideas perceived. This communication gap as it is commonly called is closed only with due regard to all the words, non-verbal, indirect and direct elements of the communication process. So personal or business meeting communication process includes not only the promotion of people’s ideas verbally but also non-verbal facial and bodily expressions.
The purpose of the communication is almost always motivated or intentional as we naturally expect a response from the people we interact with. In fact, all communication is based on the anticipation of a response from the other so communication tends to have a strategy or purpose. However communication gap can create problems in the process and purpose of communication can be satisfied when their ideas are too vague or indirectly. The vagueness increases when the channels of communication between two or more persons are remote or distal rather than proximal.
long-distance communication methods such as email and the Internet, phone calls etc. come new challenges to the study of communication that we are not able to see the person we interact with, we find it difficult to ‘interpret’ a stimulant to experience. As I have taken in the first part of this discussion, the ability to “interpret” the communicative challenge is a very important part of the communication process and the interpretation or derivation of the meaning of what we hear or see depends on the inherent need for our analysis of all indirect Cues body language, facial expressions and signs or subtle or subconscious process. Human beings are intelligent and in most cases not taking any information for granted. Direct face to face communication gives us a certain sense of what the other person really means and gives us the assurance that our interpretation of the communication is right. That is why face-to-face interview process remains the most popular method of communication in the selection process. All online communication and information online are therefore prone to misinterpretation that we are not able to interpret the information with the non-verbal cues or phrases that are an essential part of the communication process. Communication gap is the gap in the interpretation that despite a lot of information is assured dearth necessary information and our mind recognizes the communication process as insufficient. You may chat with a man online a few hours today but if you are able to see or hear facial and physical expression of his or her, you can never be sure that the communication process is quite authentic. Of course, modern devices such as webcam improve the communication process. Yet it is also true that even if we have all the necessary cues of communication, the very fact that we have to interpret the information received subjective, can suggest the possibility of gender relations.
In this discussion, then, I simply pointed to three levels of communication consist of certain aspects of the communication gap is inherent in the process of interpretation either by our own limitations or restrictions due to technology.